Nephrology – Doctors-Online

Category: Nephrology

Crystals found in human urine and their clinical significance

Urine contains many dissolved substances(solutes) that the body needs to eliminate as waste chemicals. These solutes can form crystals when the concentration of dissolved substances has increased or when the pH level is increasing in either acid or base. This condition of presence of crystals in the urine is known as crystalluria. Sometimes crystals are

Nephrotic syndrome causes, diagnosis & Treatment

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low blood protein levels in the blood, high cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and swelling. Causes Nephrotic syndrome is caused by different disorders that damage the kidneys. This damage leads to the release of too much protein in the urine. The most common cause

Medicines That Can Cause Kidney Damage

Medications are a common cause of kidney damage, also known as nephrotoxicity or, when severe, renal failure. According to an article in the January/February 2013 “Aging Well,” 20 percent of all episodes of acute kidney damage are due to medications. Because the kidneys’ job is to filter waste products from the blood, they play an

Hypokalemia causes,Symptoms & treatment

Overview Key points Hypokalemia means low potassium levels in the blood. This condition doesn’t always show symptoms. Adding potassium-rich foods (e.g., bananas, spinach, and milk) to your diet may help prevent hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is when blood’s potassium levels are too low. Potassium is an important electrolyte for nerve and muscle cell functioning, especially for muscle cells in

Dialysis Types, Purpose, Risk

What Is Dialysis? The kidneys are a pair of organs, each about the size of a fist, located on either side of your spine. They’re responsible for purifying your blood by removing waste and excess fluid from your body. When the kidneys don’t work properly, dialysis is used to perform the function of the kidneys.

What is chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys. Your kidneys are essential parts of your body. They have several functions, including: helping maintain the balance of minerals and electrolytes in your body, such as calcium, sodium, and potassium playing an essential role in the production of red blood cells maintaining

Symptoms of kidney disease and treatment of early kidney diseases

Symptoms of Kidney Problems Symptoms that may indicate a problem with your kidneys include: high blood pressure blood in the urine frequent urges to urinate difficulty beginning urination painful urination swelling of the hands and feet due to a buildup of fluids in the body A single symptom may not mean something serious. However, when

Kidney Function Tests, Purpose, Interpretation

Types of Kidney Function Tests To test your kidney function, your doctor will order a set of tests that can estimate your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Your GFR tells your doctor how quickly your kidneys are clearing waste from your body. Urinalysis A urinalysis screens for the presence of protein and blood in the urine. There are

Kidney stones, causes, diagnosis, treatment & Prevention

Kidney stones are small masses of salts and minerals that form inside the kidneys and may travel down the urinary tract. Kidney stones range in size from just a speck to as large as a ping pong ball. Signs and symptoms of kidney stones include blood in the urine, and pain in the abdomen, groin,